Dams, Rivers & People News Bulletin, June 22, 2015

HYDROPOWER

HIMACHAL: Himachal Pradesh engineers blames untrained engineers and human errors responsible for growing numbers of hydro power project mishaps (15 June 2015) HP engineers say that the board was suffering these losses as they lacked the trained engineers. The limited staff is under pressure to perform technical duties and pressure mount on them as the government was not serious about filling the posts, said Lokesh Thakur, general secretary, HP Power Engineers’ Association, expressing anguish over the death of three engineers, two of whom worked in the HPSEBL.http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/himachal/lack-of-trained-engineers-to-blame/94204.html

State Govt. paid no heed to Kinnaur residents’ suggestion to convert Karchham-Wangtoo project flushing tunnel into transport (16 June 2015) People today took out a rally to draw the attention of the state government towards the pathetic condition of roads in Kinnaur district which are perilous for commuting and transportation. The Kinnaur residents were also enraged as the state government paid no heed to their suggestion for changing the alignment of flushing tunnel of the 1000-mw Karchham-Wangtoo project and converting it into transport tunnel. http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/himachal/community/poor-road-condition-in-kinnaur-sparks-protest/94197.html

UTTARAKHAND: High-risk hydro projects still haunt the hills: Environment Ministry backs ‘red-flagged’ projects in sensitive Uttarakhand (15 June 2015) The Union environment ministry continues to do flip-flops on whether hydroelectric projects (HEPs) – seen to have aggravated the 2013 Uttarakhand disaster – should be allowed in the hilly state. The ministry of environment and forests (MoEF) on June 3 formed a third expert body to study the impacts of these projects despite its commitment to the Supreme Court last month that the earlier panel which spoke against these projects would be extended.  HEPs being built over rivers may cause deforestation, erosion, landslides and floods. Blasting and tunneling also weaken fragile mountains. Experts fear some of these dams could collapse during earthquakes and cause massive destruction downstream in the seismically active Himalayan state. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-3125308/High-risk-hydro-projects-haunt-hills-Environment-Ministry-backs-red-flagged-projects-sensitive-Uttarakhand.html

Two years after Uttarakhand tragedy, scars remain (16 June 2015) Scars of the 2013 Uttarakhand Disaster run deep. Affected local people are still trying to recover mentally and materially and its good to know of some organizations trying to help in this rebuilding. http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-otherstates/two-years-after-uttarakhand-tragedy-scars-remain/article7319706.ece

केदारनाथ त्रासदी के दो साल : बांधों पर सरकार का रुख अब भी साफ नहीं (17 June 2015) “बांधों, नदियों और इंसानी ज़िंदगी पर उनके असर का लंबे समय से अध्ययन कर रहे हिमांशु ठक्कर कहते हैं, ‘केंद्र सरकार और उत्तराखंड सरकार उत्तराखंड के लोगों की ज़िंदगी और गंगा के अस्तित्व के साथ खिलवाड़ कर रही है। कुछ बांध कंपनियों के मुनाफे को अहमियत देते हुये सुप्रीम कोर्ट को गुमराह किया जा रहा है। सरकार ने एक तरफ पहले हलफनामा देकर कहा कि बांधों का आपदा में हाथ था। फिर कोर्ट को भरोसा दिलाया कि वह पुरानी कमेटी में कुछ जानकार शामिल कर अब तक की रिपोर्ट्स का रिव्यू करायेगी। लेकिन अब जो नई कमेटी बनी है उसमें कोई स्वतंत्र लोग नहीं हैं। ऐसा लगता है कि सरकार किसी बांध लॉबी के दबाव में काम कर रही है।’” http://khabar.ndtv.com/news/india/kedarnath-tragedy-government-still-unclear-on-dams-after-2-years-of-tragedy-772262

DAMS

Jayalalitha raise Mullaperiyar Dam issue with PM (12 June 2015) Chief Minister Jayalalithaa has sought the Centre’s intervention to restrain Kerala from proceeding with an environment impact assessment for the construction of a new Mullaperiyar dam in Idukki district of Kerala. Observing that the move was in utter violation of the Constitution Bench Order of the Supreme Court which held that the dam was “structurally, hydrologically and seismically safe”, Ms. Jayalalithaa said Kerala was “seeking to subvert the Order by stealth.” http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/jayalalithaa-raises-dam-issue-with-modi/article7307466.ece

Storage Status of 91 Important Reservoirs of the Country as on June 18, 2015 (19 June 2015) NORTHERN REGION:-There are 6 reservoirs in this region having total storage capacity of 18.01 BCM. The total storage available in these reservoirs is 7.56 BCM which is 42% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs. EASTERN REGION:- There are 15 reservoirs in this region having total storage capacity of 18.83 BCM. The total storage available in these reservoirs is 5.21 BCM which is 28% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs. WESTERN REGION:- There are 27 reservoirs in this region having total storage capacity of 27.07 BCM. The total storage available in these reservoirs is 5.67 BCM which is 21% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs. CENTRAL REGION:-There are 12 reservoirs in this region having total storage capacity of 42.30BCM. The total storage available in these reservoirs is 12.44 BCM which is 29% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=122624

INTER-LINKING OF RIVERS  

Playing with fire: Ken-Betwa & the flawed logic of river-linking (19 June 2015) This includes an interview with Himanshu Thakkar of SANDRP on ILR: http://www.catchnews.com/environment-news/playing-with-fire-not-water-ken-betwa-and-the-flawed-logic-of-river-linking-explained-1434683551.html

IRRIGATION

A Gujrat farmers irrigating crops with solar power (13 June 2015) Gujarat farmer (owner of 5 acres) from Anand district earns Rs 7500 in four months by selling solar energy to grid from his solar pump panels when he is not using it for pumping water. An interesting option for earning some livelihood by farmers: http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/a-gujarat-farmer-who-supplies-power-to-grid-115061200812_1.html

Irrigation: Spending up amid slow coverage growth (16 June 2015) Following the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission, the Central government decided to increase the share of states in the overall government finances. However, a report prepared by Kotak shows that while the states’ expenditure on irrigation has jumped from around Rs 20,000 crore in 2000 to over Rs 98,000 crore in 2014, there has been a limited increase in the net irrigated area. http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/irrigation-spending-up-amid-slow-coverage-growth/

Centre shelved funding to 109 approved irrigation projects in Himachal Pradesh (17 June 2015) From the report “The sources said the ambitious Ganga project of the union government was affecting irrigation and flood control projects in other parts of the country. The allocation for irrigation, flood control and drinking water schemes used to range between Rs 15,000 and Rs 20,000 crore. However, the NDA government has kept a budget of just Rs 1,000 crore under the said heads for the entire country this year.” http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/himachal/109-irrigation-projects-shelved-in-state/94635.html

Telangana Govt. is determined to execute Palamuru Irrigation Project (12 June 2015) Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao ridiculed the contention of Andhra Pradesh against taking up of Palamuru-Ranga Reddy and Nakkalagandi lift irrigation projects by the Telangana Government without any clearances from the Centre. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/come-what-may-palamuru-project-will-be-executed/article7307801.ece

MONSOON

Monsoon races to Kashmir from Kanyakumari: Equatorial system of clouds & conditions in Indian Ocean may back plentiful rains (22 June 2015) The floundering monsoon has been catalysed by an equatorial system of clouds and disturbances that traverses the globe. The system, called Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO), has strengthened rain-bearing clouds along its path and given the country 33 per cent surplus rain on Saturday and a drenching 88 per cent surplus on Sunday.  The phenomenon has countered the expected negative fallout of El Nino, which disrupts rainfall in Asia and floods other continents due to a rise in the surface temperature in the Pacific Ocean. Unlike El Nino that lingers for a long time, MJO is a transient phenomenon. Meteorologists at the weather office also said the neutral Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) — a term that refers to differences in surface temperature in different parts of the Indian Ocean — was also strengthening the monsoon. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/47761464.cms

Decade’s Highest Rains Force Mumbai stay in (20 June 2015) The average rainfall recorded in the past 24 hours was the highest in a decade for the month of June. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Mumbai’s suburbs received 283.4 mm of rain while South Mumbai recorded 208.8 mm rain between 8.30 am on Thursday and 8.30 am on Friday. The all-time high 24-hour rainfall data for June was recorded on June 10, 1991, at 399 mm rain. But it was lower than the floods of July 26, 2005,  when the city was flooded due to 994 mm of rain in 24 hours. http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/rains-force-mumbai-to-stay-at-home-115061901005_1.html

IMD worried over July rainfall (19 June 2015) The southwest monsoon is in a brief lull after a good start and will pick up in the next two or three days, moving into more areas of Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal. The meteorological department, however, feels rainfall in July may remain a matter of concern. July is the critical month for sowing kharif crops. http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/imd-worried-over-july-rainfall-115061900059_1.html

AGRICULTURE

Debt relief no long-term solution to sugar woes (18 June 2015) Experts have called the latest loan to mills a stop-gap arrangement and have reiterated the need to link sugarcane and sugar prices http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/debt-relief-no-long-term-solution-to-sugar-woes-115061701235_1.html

GM mustard to get commercial nod: Activists (18 June 2015) The government is in the process of considering GM mustard as the first genetically engineered food crop for commercial approval in India since a moratorium was imposed on Bt Brinjal in 2010, a civil society group said on Wednesday. “Delhi University’s GM mustard is essentially a backdoor entry for herbicide-tolerant crops into India, in the guise of a public sector GM crop. An attempt was made for (introducing) a very similar GM mustard by a multinational corporation into India in 2002 which the regulators firmly rejected,” said Rajesh Krishnan, convenor of the coalition. http://www.livemint.com/Politics/xFNNSmUN8ysA5GH4pJolPO/Environment-ministry-considering-GM-mustard-for-commercial-a.html

Countering El-nino and its ripple down effects (Article by Charan Singh/ 19 June 2015) A coordinated approach between various government agencies can help to mitigate the impact of El Nino. India needs to focus on a contingency plan to protect agriculture and the economy from a drought-like situation. http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/comment/countering-el-nino-and-its-ripple-down-effects/95470.html

Farmers to get SMS alerts on extreme weather from today (18 June 2015) Farmers staying near India Meteorological Department’s 146 weather stations spread across the country would henceforth get instant alerts on possible extreme weather conditions on their mobile phones. Through the special service titled ‘Nowcast’, the farmers living in the 50-km radius of IMD’s weather stations would get SMS alerts on thunderstorm, squall, hailstorm, etc., within minutes after the information is generated by the Met department. The special service would formally be launched on Thursday. http://www.financialexpress.com/article/economy/farmers-to-get-sms-alerts-on-extreme-weather-from-today/86648/

More Dal, Less Bhat (18 June 2015) Some interesting suggestions here to increase area under pulses and away from rice: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/more-dal-less-bhaat/

WATER

GROUNDWATER: Four maps that show how severe India’s water problem is (21 June 2015) Fifty four percent of India faces high water stress with groundwater depleting fast – the northwest running dry the fastest. http://scroll.in/article/735354/four-maps-that-show-how-severe-indias-water-problem-is

Study: Third of Big Groundwater Basins in Distress (16 June 2015) From the report “Twenty-one of the world’s 37 largest aquifers — in locations from India and China to the United States and France — have passed their sustainability tipping points, meaning more water is being removed than replaced from these vital underground reservoirs. Thirteen of 37 aquifers fell at rates that put them into the most troubled category.” http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/grace/study-third-of-big-groundwater-basins-in-distress

URBAN WATER:  Most drinking water in Shimla, Solan Unfit (15 June 2015) Health officials trying to figure out high incidences of water-borne diseases in the surrounding areas of Shimla and Solan have come out with a warning: most drinking water in these areas is contaminated. As many as 190 water samples were taken from public taps and private water supplies, including traditional ‘baolis mainly from Shimla, Solan and other parts of teh region. Out of these, 134 samples were found contaminated at the Kandaghat lab. (The Tribune)

High level of Aluminium found in water samples in Haryana ( 18 June 2015) The toxic metal, aluminium, has been found more than the permissible limit in the drinking water samples tested by the government water quality testing labs and other approved institutions. The problem related to aluminium is more pronounced in case of Amritsar, Fatehgarh Sahib, Ludhiana, Sangrur districts. It was found to be more than the permissible limit in over 70 per cent of the drinking water samples. Aluminium can cause dementia and other neurological problems. http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/punjab/high-level-of-aluminium-found-in-water-samples/95206.html

WATER GOVERNANCE: Govt. mulling threefold hike in water cess (19 June 2015) The environment ministry is mulling a threefold increase in cess on water consumption in a bid to check excess use of water by industrial units and encourage use of treated waste water. The move, the ministry believes, will also increase the resources of the pollution control boards. The proposed cess hike will not affect domestic consumers.Environmental activists, however, say that the increase in cess in itself does not address water pollution. “All these steps will not help much. It may increase funds but this alone won’t help address the water pollution at large. What is required is much better governance from the pollution control boards as they have been a total failure in enforcement of environmental laws. As long as their failure remain in achieving compliance of environmental laws and regulations, such steps won’t help,” said Himanshu Thakkar, an environmental activist working on water-related issues. http://www.livemint.com/Politics/JnCAd2im4hUVParl2DL1aI/Govt-mulling-threefold-hike-in-water-cess.html

Punjab launches Rs. 2200 Crore World Bank funded water project (18 June 2015) Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal launched the second World Bank (WB)-funded ‘Punjab Rural Water and Sanitation Sector Improvement Project’ worth Rs 2,200 crore here today. The project is aimed at improving water and sanitation services across the state. http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/punjab/community/rs-2-200-crore-water-project-launched/95317.html

WATER OPTIONS:  Delhi Jal board pushes for rainwater harvesting (20 June 2015)

With barely two weeks left for the onset of monsoon over Delhi, DJB has issued an advisory asking people to ensure that if they don’t already have rainwater harvesting system in their homes or colonies, this is the time to get it done. In case they already have it, this is also the time to have the system cleaned and made operational. With groundwater levels falling in the city at a rapid rate, rainwater harvesting can help restore the depleting water table to some extent. However, DJB’s scheme is yet to pick up even though the agency has offered incentives to consumers to set up water harvesting facilities in their areas. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Jal-board-pushes-for-rainwater-harvesting/articleshow/47742178.cms

Solid Rains (20 June 2015) Solid Rain is water saving invention of a Mexican scientist Sergio Jesus Rico Velasco from the Instituto Politecnico Nacional he had founded the company “Silos de Agua” in 2002 to commercialize this product. Solid Rains incapsulates and disperses water during its lifetime, ranging from 8 to 10 years, it helps to aerate the soil, and permits agriculture in extreme climates and places with poor soil conditions. The ideal usage proportion is four “silos”, each one containing the equivalent of one litre of water. The comparative cost is minimal because the “powder” sufficient for one hectare has a price tag of around one thousand dollars. According to Solid Rain Corporation from San Diego, California, the product is capable of saving between 50 to 80 per cent of water, depending on the climate and soil conditions and from 30 to 50 percent of water usage in greenhouses. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/developmental-issues/TOI-impact-Journalism-Day-Solid-Rain/articleshow/47743259.cms

RIVERS

Bill Likely to be Introduced for Restructuring of Brahmaputra Board (19 June 2015) Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Sushri Uma Bharti has said that her Ministry would likely to introduce a bill in the coming session of Parliament for the restructuring of Brahmaputra Board. The purpose is to improve its efficiency and functioning to control floods, erosion and landslides caused by the river and its tributary in the north east. The move to restructure the board into the North-East Brahmaputra River Rejuvenation Authority (NEBRRA) comes in the wake of Northeastern States expressing their dissatisfaction over the functioning of the Brahmaputra Board and sought revamping it. For this purpose a meeting of Chief Ministers from NE States will be called very soon. She was chairing the 8th meeting of High Powered Review Board on Brahmaputra River here in New Delhi today. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=122643

Goa Govt. facing opposition ire for running off shore casinos in River Mandovi (15 June 2015) Opposition Congress in Goa on Monday opposed the move of state government to relocate the off-shore casino vessels in the river saying these vessels should be sent in the sea. http://zeenews.india.com/news/goa/goa-offshore-casinos-should-not-be-relocated-in-river-cong_1613718.html

FLOOD: High and dry on flood relief: Waters could have receded here, J&K prefers to choke outlet (16 June 2015) J&K seems to be INVITING Fresh flood disaster by choking the rivers, outlets and drainage system, seems to have learnt no lessons from the disaster of Sept 2014: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/waters-could-have-receded-here-jk-prefers-to-choke-outlet/

Uttarakhand Floods: The Long Road to Relief and Rehabilitation (16 June 2015) Anoop Nautiyal on Uttarakhand disaster, two years from than and future: “Uttarakhand will need to build its future and destiny on eco power, not hydro power. Eco tourism, ecology, eco-preneurship, horticulture, village tourism and allied activities are the only options for mountain development. Environmental concerns and the need for sustainable development necessitate a new mindset, a fresh approach.” http://www.ndtv.com/blog/uttarakhand-floods-the-long-road-to-relief-and-rehabilitation-772048

SAND-MINING: Madhya Pradesh Journalist burnt to death in Nagpur forest by sand mafia (22 June 2015) A 40-year-old local journalist was allegedly murdered by three persons, suspected to be closely linked to sand mafia, who set him ablaze apparently over his refusal to withdraw a court case, police said today. The burnt body of Sandeep Kothari, who was abducted from Katangi tehsil in Balaghat district two days back, was found lying near railway tracks at Sindi town in Wardha district of east Maharashtra last night, police said. http://indiasamvad.co.in/mp-journalist-burnt-to-death-by-mining-mafia-over-refusal-to-withdraw-case/

YAMUNA: DDA bulldozed helmets of 50 farmers living in Yamuna’s flood plain in Delhi (17 June 2015) Without any rehabilitation and resettlement plan for these farmers DDA should not displace them in the name of Yamuna cleaning and beautification. It is irony that poor people and farmers fall easy prey to arbitrary judicial interventions. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/farmers-evicted-from-yamuna-floodplains/article7323920.ece

SOUTH ASIA

Siwan villages turn water bodies to sustain Indo-Nepal canal (18 June 2015) This seems like a very shocking, man made annul disaster for so many people for half the year, destroying their livelihood: http://www.hindustantimes.com/patna/siwan-villages-turn-water-bodies-to-sustain-indo-nepal-canal/article1-1360147.aspx

Farraka Barrage: The tale of two countries and one river (17 June 2015) The 2,245 metre barrage has 123 gates and by the government’s own admission some of them have outlived their economic life and serviceability. It demands immediate repairs. http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/farraka-barrage-the-tale-of-two-countries-and-one-river/2/

Indian traders to push Modi for Hilsa talks (02 June 2015) West Bengal fish traders have expressed eagerness to import Hilsa fish of the River Padma in Bangladesh. Hilsa importers hope that the complication on the issue will be solved in the meeting this week between Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and her Indian counterpart Narendra Modi. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee will also be present in the meeting. West Bengal Fish Importers’ Association has already sent letters to External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and Fisheries Minister Chandranath Singha to keep the issue of lifting ban on Hilsa export from Bangladesh in the agenda. Bangladesh government imposed ban on Hilsha export in 2012. http://en.ntvbd.com/business/5085/Indian-traders-to-push-Modi-for-Hilsa-talks

CHINA

The coal Boom Choking China (June 2015) The Guardian documentary is scary on the impact of coal mining and global warming in China. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/ng-interactive/2015/jun/05/carbon-bomb-the-coal-boom-choking-china

ASIA

North Korea hit by the worst drought in a century (17 June 2015) North Korea has said it has been hit by its worst drought in a century, resulting in extensive damage to agriculture during its main planting season.The official Korean Central News Agency said on Wednesday that the drought has caused about 30 percent of its rice paddies to dry up. Young rice plants normally need to be partially submerged in water during the early summer. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/06/north-korea-hit-worst-drought-century-150617175703554.html

Chao Phraya Dam water in crisis (21 June 2015) From the report “Water in the Chao Phraya Dam reached its lowest point in three decades on Sunday as farmers continued to divert supplies for farming. The government has called on farmers in the central plains to scrap rice farming this season amid drought worries which could damage their crops.” http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/general/598832/chao-phraya-dam-water-in-crisis

WORLD

Brazil’s Belo Monte dam puts livelihood of 2,000 families at risk, prosecutors say (16 June 2015) From the report “The federal prosecutors’ office said that the Norte Energia consortium that is building the $11bn Belo Monte dam on the Xingu River has violated 55 previously agreed-to items to guarantee indigenous groups, farmers and fishermen their means of survival.” http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/16/brazil-belo-monte-dam-indigenous-groups-at-risk

 Fish Declines Linked to Excess Nutrients in Coastal Estuaries (15 June 2015) How land management, water quality, health of estuaries is linked to Ocean Fish production! http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/25838/fish-declines-linked-to-excess-nutrients-in-coastal-estuaries/#sthash.rj43oMKR.dpuf

CLIMATE CHANGE

Papal order shines light on climate change’s impact on poor (17 June 2015) The most noteworthy party of this belated Papal pronouncement is that it is talking about impacts that the poor of the world are already facing with no attempt at even compensating their losses. The characterization of risk in India only due to floods (it actually lists Uttarakhand floods of June 2013 as climate disaster) is incomplete since Indians also face the drought and malnutrition impacts due to climate change in addition to sea level rise and heat waves and health impacts: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2015/06/17/climate-change-pope-encyclical-worlds-poor/28856967/

The tragedy of the climate commons (19 June 2015) From the report “Our collective failure to take action is not the result of having chosen leaders who are insane or irrational. The reason we seem incapable of coming together to protect the climate is known as the “tragedy of the commons”: a shared resource tends to be rapidly depleted because no single actor – whether a country or a person – considers how their actions affect other users. In other words, because you reap all of the benefits, but suffer only part of the costs, you are tempted to over-exploit the resource. And, so far, there is little reason to believe that we are on track to find a way to ensure a happier ending.” http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/tragedy-of-the-climate-commons-by-petros-sekeris-2015-06#9jBEXhgXKlaHXkqL.99

ENVIRONMENT                                                                                                                    

Drought facto forces NDA govt. to rethink on MGNREGA (18 June 2015) From Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s public barbs against its being a “living proof” of 60 years of Congress misrule, to a proposal now for extending the annual work entitlement to 150 days in drought-affected areas, the BJP-led government’s disposition towards the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act has seemingly undergone a marked change in recent months. The virtual U-turn is largely seen as a response to the prospect of a second consecutive year of monsoon failure. For a government already battling criticism over its “anti-farmer” land acquisition ordinance, aggravation of rural distress on account of back-to-back droughts — last witnessed in 1986-87 and, before that, in 1965-66 — could prove politically costly, more so in the run-up to the upcoming Bihar Assembly polls. http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/drought-factor-forces-nda-govt-to-rethink-on-mgnrega/

How Fishes Converted Shy Village Women Into Bright Business Women At (23 March 2015) How great to see this! This is the aquaculture India is missing. Have seen similar examples from Central India too, where rearing fish in ponds is not only a business, but part of the culture. http://www.thebetterindia.com/20579/how-fishes-have-transformed-shy-village-women-into-bright-business-women-at-madhubani/

Nine states asked to ‘immediately’ implement Forest Rights Act (21 June 2015) Taking a serious view of some states not implementing the Forest Rights Act, the Centre has directed Bihar, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand to expeditiously implement it.  http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/47757117.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

Renewable energy projects in limbo for want of funds (17 June 2015) Renewable energy projects to be financed by the central government could hit the wall, as not a penny has been disbursed from the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) for the same. The ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) has projects worth Rs 30,000 crore lined up but the ministry of finance has not disbursed the required funds, said senior officials. In the past four years, Rs 18,000 crore has been collected. http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/renewable-energy-projects-in-limbo-for-want-of-funds-115061700044_1.html

How Much Energy Do We Need: Towards End-Use Based Estimation For Decent Living (May 2015) This paper reviews various methods of energy demand estimations, looking particularly at some bottom up, disaggregated approaches, and discusses their implications. Apart from providing better estimates of the quantity of energy needed, the power of such approaches lies in making a direct link between energy and its end-use and end-user, thus promoting equity, and providing a framework of better monitoring of how energy is used.  The paper explores these aspects and also discusses implications of energy demand estimates for sustainability. http://prayaspune.org/peg/publications/item/298-how-much-energy-do-we-need-towards-end-use-based-estimation-for-decent-living.html

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